AGREEMENT ON THE
OSCE KOSOVO VERIFICATION MISSION
- Devoted to the respect of the principles of the UN Charter and to the Principles of the
Helsinki Final Act on peace, stability and cooperation in Europe, as well as to the Paris
- Considering in particular the importance of reaching a peaceful, democratic and lasting
solution of all existing problems in the Province of Kosovo and Metohija, based on the
equality of all citizens and national and ethnic communities,
- Devoted to the respect of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states in the
- Agreeing to comply with and willing to contribute to the FRY implementation of
Resolutions 1160 and 1199 of the UN Security Council,
- The Federal Government of the FR of Yugoslavia, on one side,
- and, The OSCE, on the other,
- have reached the following
- Establishment and Termination
- The OSCE Kosovo Verification Mission will be established by the OSCE Permanent Council
pursuant to a resolution of the United Nations Security Council calling upon the OSCE to
establish the Mission.
- The FRY government has informed the OSCE Chairman-in-Office of its endorsement of the
establishment of the Mission.
- OSCE will request member states to contribute personnel and funding for the Verification
Mission in accordance with established procedures.
- OSCE will establish coordination with other organizations it may deem appropriate to
allow the Verification Mission to accomplish all its objectives most effectively.
- KDOM will act in place of the OSCE Verification Mission pending its establishment. Once
OSCE is operational, KDOM will be absorbed by the Verification Mission.
- The FRY government hereby guarantees the safety and security of the Verification Mission
and all its members.
- In the event of an emergency situation in Kosovo which in the judgement of the Mission
Director threatens the safety of members of the Verification Mission, the FRY shall permit
and cooperate in the evacuation of Verification Mission members.
- The FRY government will accept the OSCE Verification Mission as a diplomatic entity in
terms of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. The Mission will enjoy the
privileges and immunities conferred by such status, as will its members, in accordance
with the Vienna Convention.
- The FRY government and its entities will designate formal liaison officers to work with
the Verification Mission in Belgrade, Pristina and field locations. The FRY, Serbian and
Kosovo authorities will undertake to provide full cooperation and support to the
Verification Mission. This will include, but not be limited to, billets, frequency or
frequencies, visas and documentation, customs facilities, vehicle registration, fuel,
medical support, airspace access for support aircraft and access to Belgrade, Pristina and
other airports in accordance with normal procedures.
- The OSCE and the FRY agree on a Verification Mission for one year, with extensions upon
request of either the OSCE Chairman-in-Office or the FRY government.
- General Responsibilities, Roles and Missions
- To verify compliance by all parties in Kosovo with UN Security Council Resolution 1199,
and report instances of progress and/or non-compliance to the OSCE Permanent Council, the
United Nations Security Council and other organizations. These reports will also be
provided to the authorities of the FRY.
- To establish permanent presences at as many locations throughout Kosovo as it deems
necessary to fulfil its responsibilities;
- To maintain close liaison with FRY, Serbian and, as appropriate, other Kosovo
authorities, political parties and other organizations in Kosovo and accredited
international and non-government organizations to assist in fulfilling its
- To supervise elections in Kosovo to ensure their openness and fairness in accordance
with regulations and procedures to be agreed. For the elections, the Mission may be
augmented with election support personnel;
- To report and make recommendations to the OSCE Permanent Council, the UN Security
Council and other organizations on areas covered by UN Security Council Resolution 1199.
- Specific Terms of Reference
- The Verification Mission will travel throughout Kosovo to verify the maintenance of the
cease-fire by all elements. It will investigate reports of cease-fire violations. Mission
personnel will have full freedom of movement and access throughout Kosovo at all times.
- The Verification Mission will receive weekly information from relevant FRY/Serbian
military/police headquarters in Kosovo regarding movements of forces during the preceding
week into, out of or within Kosovo. Upon request of the Verification Mission Director,
Mission personnel may be invited to accompany police within Kosovo.
- The Verification Mission will look for and report on roadblocks and other emplacements
which influence lines of communication erected for purposes other than traffic or crime
control. The Mission Director will contact the relevant authorities upon receipt of such
reports. These authorities will explain the reasons for the emplacements or else direct
that the emplacements be removed immediately. The Verification Mission will also receive
notification should emergent circumstances lead to the establishment of a roadblock for
other than traffic or crime control-related reasons. The Mission Director may request the
removal of any roadblocks.
- The Verification Mission will maintain liaison with FRY authorities about border control
activities and movements by units with border control responsibilities through areas of
Kosovo away from the border. The Verification Mission, when invited by the FRY authorities
or upon its request, will visit border control units and accompany them as they perform
their normal border control roles.
- When invited or upon request, the Verification mission will accompany police units in
Kosovo as they perform their normal policing roles.
- The Verification Mission will, to the extent possible, assist UNHCR, ICRC and other
international organizations in facilitating the return of displaced persons to their
homes, the provision of facilitative and humanitarian assistance to them by the FRY,
Serbian and Kosovo authorities as well as the humanitarian organizations and NGOs. The
Mission will verify the level of cooperation and support provided by the FRY and its
entities to the humanitarian organizations and accredited NGOs in facilitating procedural
requirements such as issuance of travel documentation, expedited customs clearance for
humanitarian shipments and radio frequencies. The Mission will make such representations
as it deems necessary to resolve problems it observes.
- As the political settlement defining Kosovo´s self-government is achieved and
implementation begins, the Mission Director will assist, both with his own resources and
with augmented OSCE implementation support, in areas such as election supervision,
assistance in the establishment of Kosovo institutions and police force development in
- The Mission Director will receive periodic updates from the relevant authorities
concerning eventual allegations of abusive actions by military or police personnel and
status of disciplinary or legal actions against individuals implicated in such abuses.
- The Verification Mission will maintain liaison with FRY, Serbian and, as appropriate,
Kosovo authorities and with ICRC regarding ICRC access to detained persons.
- The Mission Director will, as required, convene representatives of national communities
and authorities to exchange information and provide guidance on implementation of the
agreement establishing the Verification Mission.
- The Mission Director will report instances of progress and/or non-compliance or lack of
full cooperation from any side to the OSCE and other organizations.
- Composition and Facilities
- A Director, together with headquarters staff to be determined by Verification Mission
- 2000 unarmed verifiers from OSCE member states will be permitted. Headquarters and
support staff included in this total. The Mission may be augmented with technical experts
provided by OSCE.
- A headquarters in Pristina.
- Field presence in locations around Kosovo to be determined by the Mission Director.
- A small liaison office in Belgrade.
- Vehicles, communications and other equipment along with locally-hired interpreters and
support staff which the Director deems to be required for the performance of the
responsibilities of the Mission.
- Field Presence
- Coordination centers will be established in the capital of each opstina in Kosovo
with specific areas of responsibility, under the Mission Director in Pristina.
- Many opstina coordination centers will have one or more sub-stations in smaller
towns/villages in the opstina. The number and location of sub-stations will vary
from opstina to opstina, depending on the verification environment and past
- The chief of each coordination center will maintain a liaison relationship with the opstina
authorities and the local leadership of the ethnic Albanian and other communities. Each
sub-station will be responsible for coordination with the local authorities, including the
local leadership of main ethnic groups.
- The number of verification personnel assigned to each coordination center and
sub-station would depend on the complexity of verification issues in the particular area.
- Each coordination center and sub-station would have appropriately configured vehicles
with which to patrol its assigned area of responsibility.
Done at Belgrade on 16 October 1998 in two original copies in the English and Serbian
|FOR THE ORGANIZATION FOR COOPERATION AND SECURITY IN EUROPE
||FOR THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
|H.E. Bronislaw Geremek
|H.E. Zivadin Jovanovic
Minister of Foreign Affairs
RETOUR AU DOCUMENT PRINCIPAL