DOSSIER SUR LE SOMMET DU PACTE DE STABILITE
SARAJEVO - BOSNIE HERZEGOVINE
29 & 30 juillet 1999

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Sarajevo - vendredi 30 juillet 1999

CONFERENCE DE PRESSE DE M. JACQUES CHIRAC PRESIDENT DE LA REPUBLIQUE A L'ISSUE DU SOMMET DU PACTE DE STABILITE

LE PRESIDENT -

Mesdames, Messieurs,

nous venons donc de terminer un exercice fort en symbole. Je n'ai pas besoin de souligner ce que représente pour le début et pour la fin de siècle Sarajevo. Mais, au-delà, de cette symbolique, je voudrais souligner l'importance psychologique que peut avoir une réunion de cette nature, ici, pour le peuple de Bosnie Herzégovine qui, peut-être, avait l'impression d'être un peu oublié et qui tout d'un coup réapparaît au premier plan sur la scène internationale. Je suis sûr que c'est une bonne chose.

Je n'étais pas venu ici depuis un certain temps. Depuis 1998. On voit naturellement des changements positifs, une amélioration. Mais, on sent également combien la misère, la pauvreté sont présentes ici. J'imagine plus encore dans les campagnes que dans les villes.

Certes, il y a eu des problèmes résolus. Certes, la paix garantie par les troupes de la SFOR est à peu près assurée, même s'il y a du terrorisme.

Mais on voit tout de même les difficultés auxquelles cette région, notamment ce pays, est confrontée. Qu'il s'agisse, il faut dire les choses, du blocage encore trop fort des institutions. Qu'il s'agisse de la corruption, de l'effet mafieux qui est encore trop développé ici. Qu'il s'agisse de la division.

Donc, on voit bien combien de progrès sont encore à faire dans le domaine de l'Etat de droit, dans le domaine de la démocratisation, dans le domaine économique, des privatisations, de la garantie des investissements, du développement. Bref, combien il faut encore faire des choses dans le domaine de la réconciliation. Car c'est cela, au fond, qui est à l'origine de tous les maux : l'intolérance. On voit bien que la tolérance n'est pas encore aujourd'hui la qualité de chacun. Je crois que c'est là le fond du problème. Si, semble-t-il, les jeunes le comprennent, les jeunes l'admettent, il y a encore trop de pesanteurs dans les partis politiques, dans les structures, dans les esprits, notamment des anciens, qui ont du mal à comprendre que sans la tolérance, ils ne sortiront pas et on ne sortira pas des difficultés.

Ce que l'on peut dire ici, à Sarajevo, de la Bosnie, on peut le dire de la même façon pour l'ensemble de la région, à l'occasion de la réunion de ce Pacte de stabilité qui marque quand même, pour la première fois dans l'histoire du monde, une volonté clairement affirmée par un grand nombre de nations d'Europe et d'ailleurs de donner la main à ces peuples.

Là, nous nous trouvons devant un autre problème qui est celui, au lendemain de la guerre du Kosovo, du régime serbe. Il est évidemment absurde de constater que la Serbie, grande nation, grand peuple, n'est pas présente ici. Qu'elle a dû subir une guerre qu'on n'a pas faite à un peuple, naturellement, mais qu'on a faite à un régime inacceptable, un régime qui incarne ce que le passé peut avoir de plus horrible, de plus inadmissible.

Donc, c'est aussi l'occasion de faire un appel au peuple serbe, un appel humain, moral. Ce n'est pas un appel qui pourrait être qualifié d'ingérence, c'est un appel que l'on doit considérer comme de solidarité. Le peuple serbe fait partie des peuples européens. Il fait partie de la famille européenne. Il a sa place parmi nous. Je voudrais lui dire amicalement, qu'il doit être des nôtres. Que l'Europe a pour vocation de rassembler tous les peuples qui la composent. Dès qu'il sera possible à chacun d'accepter les contraintes économiques et les exigences politiques de la construction européenne, chacun doit se retrouver avec nous. C'est cela l'ambition.

Tout à l'heure, le Président IZETBEGOVIC terminait son propos en clôture de la séance, juste avant Monsieur Martti AHTISAARI, en évoquant la prévision du Général de GAULLE de l'Europe de l'Atlantique à l'Oural. Mais c'est vers cela, c'est vers cela que nous allons, une Europe solidaire, pacifique, démocratique, prospère. C'est à cela que le peuple serbe aussi a droit. Mais pour cela, je lui dis : abandonnez les idéologies funestes du passé qui sous-tendent encore le régime en sursis qui est le vôtre. Vous le devez à votre histoire glorieuse. Vous le devez à une histoire qui a beaucoup apporté à l'Europe, mais qui a été ternie dans le passé récent. Vous devez, en quelque sorte, fermer une sombre parenthèse qui a été ouverte. Vous le devez à vos enfants, qui sont des futurs citoyens de l'Europe que j'évoquais tout à l'heure et qui, eux, n'ont rien à faire avec ces querelles du passé et qui ne se sentent certainement pas concernés par l'intolérance de ceux qui, hélas, les gouvernent aujourd'hui.

Autrement dit, tout le problème de cette région des Balkans, quelle que soit l'approche que l'on prend pour l'aborder, c'est un problème de réconciliation. Nous avons connu cela dans beaucoup d'endroits dans le monde. Nous l'avons nous-mêmes, Français, connu avec l'Allemagne. Nous avons surmonté cela. Nous sommes donc fondés à parler, à donner un conseil, un conseil amical. Donc, voilà un peu le sens que je donne, pour ma part, à ce Sommet.

La volonté claire d'affirmer le respect d'un certain nombre de valeurs et de terminer le siècle sur cette affirmation. La volonté claire d'une solidarité à l'égard d'une région que l'Histoire a fortement traumatisée et qui subit encore les conséquences et les séquelles de cette Histoire. Et la volonté de l'Union européenne de rassembler tous les peuples qui feront l'effort d'accepter les minima de discipline nécessaires pour constituer un ensemble européen qui soit un élément essentiel du monde multipolaire, aujourd'hui, pour demain.

*****

Voilà. Alors, s'il y a quelques questions, naturellement, je serais très heureux d'y répondre.

QUESTION - Monsieur le Président, vous venez tout de suite de souligner l'importance de l'Union européenne. Vous l'avez fait aussi dans votre intervention. Mais est-ce que ce nouveau Pacte de stabilité, cette nouvelle structure, ne pose pas des problèmes par rapport aux actions spécifiques de l'Union et, notamment, par rapport au processus d'élargissement ? Est-ce qu'il ne va se poser des problèmes budgétaires, des problèmes d'articulation de toute nature ?

LE PRESIDENT - Je ne crois pas. L'élargissement est un processus engagé. Nous allons faire un pas de plus au Sommet d'Helsinki, sous présidence finlandaise, dans quelques mois, dans les procédures mises en oeuvre avec un certain nombre de pays qui sont candidats, et nous allons définir les conditions pour ceux qui voudraient l'être. Alors, il y a quelques problèmes à régler, bien entendu. Il va de soi que les pays des Balkans seront un jour candidats, enfin, pour le moment, chacun comprend que c'est prématuré. Donc, il y a l'effort lié à l'élargissement, qui comporte d'ailleurs, effectivement, sur le plan financier, et nous l'avons vu dans l'Agenda 2000, des limites qui ont été dressées. Et puis, il y a l'effort de solidarité qui doit être engagé, là, par l'ensemble de la Communauté internationale pour la région des Balkans, et qui est effectivement engagé. Il n'y a pas à cela de contradiction.

Ce que je voudrais, en tous les cas, c'est que les choses se passent assez vite pour voir une Europe réellement organisée, unie et moderne le plus vite possible, et comprenant tous les pays, notamment ceux des Balkans pour définitivement cicatriser les blessures que l'Histoire a infligées à cette région, et qui sont, Dieu sait, profondes et douloureuses. Il faut le plus vite possible que ces pays soient en mesure d'entrer dans un système, par définition stable et convivial.

QUESTION - Monsieur le Président, que pensez-vous des critiques qui ont été émises contre l'administration civile au Kosovo. Est-ce que vous avez ressenti à cet égard une quelconque tension, notamment avec les Etats-Unis, pendant le Sommet ?

LE PRESIDENT - Je ne sais pas très bien à quelles critiques vous faites allusion, mais je n'ai senti strictement aucune tension. Mais, vraiment, ce qui s'appelle aucune. Je me suis entretenu avec le Président CLINTON, puisque vous parlez des Etats-Unis, je n'ai absolument pas ressenti la moindre tension. Je sais que Monsieur   KOUCHNER a été vivement félicité, si j'ai bien compris, par Madame ALBRIGHT.

QUESTION - Monsieur le Président, est-ce que cet appel au peuple serbe est partagé par l'ensemble des pays qui ont participé à ce Pacte de Stabilité, ou c'est un appel de la France particulièrement ?

LE PRESIDENT - C'est un appel que j'ai voulu faire. Je l'ai proposé à la présidence finlandaise. L'Union européenne en a discuté, a accepté le principe de le faire sien. Il y a donc eu un appel de l'Union européenne au peuple de la République fédérale de Yougoslavie, qui ne comporte pas que les Serbes, il y a aussi les Kosovars, les Monténégrins. Cet appel des Quinze de l'Union européenne, donc, vient d'être adopté sur proposition française et vient d'être diffusé, et moi, ayant été un peu à l'origine de cette idée, j'ai conforté l'appel européen par mon propre appel.

QUESTION - Monsieur le Président, avez-vous des projets de visite au Kosovo, s'il vous plait ?

LE PRESIDENT - Pas pour le moment.

Je vous remercie.

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30 July 1999

SARAJEVO SUMMIT DECLARATION

of the Heads of State and Government of the participating and facilitating countries of the Stability Pact and the Principals of participating and facilitating International Organisations and Agencies and regional initiatives

1.We have gathered in Sarajevo on 30 July 1999 to endorse the purposes and principles of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, initiated by the European Union, adopted in Cologne on 10 June 1999, and subsequently placed under the auspices of the OSCE. We affirm our collective and individual readiness to give concrete meaning to the Pact by promoting political and economic reforms, development and enhanced security in the region. We confirm our commitment to overcome the tragedies which have afflicted South Eastern Europe during this decade and pledge our continued support to the Dayton/Paris and Kosovo peace processes.

2.Sarajevo is a city which has taken its place in the history of our century. It is a symbol of the will to emerge from the depths of conflict and destruction as well as a symbol of multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural respect and tolerance. From Sarajevo, we affirm our determination to work together towards the full achievement of the objectives of democracy, respect for human rights, economic and social development and enhanced security to which we have subscribed by adopting the Stability Pact. We reaffirm our shared responsibility to build a Europe that is at long last undivided, democratic and at peace. We will work together to promote the integration of South Eastern Europe into a continent where borders remain inviolable but no longer denote division and offer the opportunity of contact and cooperation.

3.Those countries in the region who seek integration into Euro-Atlantic structures, alongside a number of other participants of the Sarajevo Summit, strongly believe that the Pact and implementation of its objectives will facilitate this process. We reaffirm that the EU Member States and other participating countries and international organisations and institutions commit themselves to making every effort to assist them to make speedy and measurable progress along this road. We also reaffirm the inherent right of each and every state participating in the Pact to be free to choose or change its security and association arrangements, including treaties of alliance as they evolve.

4.It is our strong wish that all the countries of the region work together in a spirit of cohesion and solidarity through the Stability Pact to build a common, prosperous and secure future. We regret that we were not able to invite the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) to be present today as a full and equal participant in the Stability Pact. All participants must respect the principles and objectives of this pact. We appeal to the people of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to embrace democratic change and to work actively for regional reconciliation. In order to draw this country closer to this goal, respecting its sovereignty and territorial integrity, we will consider ways of making the Republic of Montenegro an early beneficiary of the pact and reaffirm our support to all democratic forces. In this connection, we support the full implementation of UNSC Resolution 1244 regarding Kosovo, FRY. We also support UNMIK and KFOR in their efforts to ensure peace, democracy and security for all inhabitants of Kosovo. We reiterate the importance of the preservation of the multi-ethnic character of Kosovo, where the rights of all citizens and the rule of law are respected. We welcome the encouraging results of the 28 July 1999 donor conference for immediate humanitarian and other assistance.

5.The countries of the region are the owners of the stabilisation process and their full efforts in and commitments to this undertaking are critical to its success. We welcome the progress the countries of South Eastern Europe have made in building regional cooperation and the commitments they have undertaken on bilateral and regional levels to promote and implement the objectives of the Stability Pact. Regional initiatives, organisations and cooperative structures will be of particular benefit to this effort.

6.Regional cooperation will serve as a catalyst to the aspirations of the countries in the region to integrate themselves into broader structures. We welcome common proposals and projects of cross-border or regional character by the countries of South Eastern Europe and other countries of the Stability Pact as an important contribution to translating the Pact's objectives into swift and specific actions. These proposals should be referred to the Regional Table and the relevant Working Tables of the Stability Pact.

7.We will work together to accelerate the transition in the region to stable democracies, prosperous market economies and open and pluralistic societies in which human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, are respected, as an important step in their integration into euro-atlantic and global institutions. We welcome the undertakings of countries of the region to continue to promote democracy, reconciliation, economic reform, good governance, security cooperation and confidence-building, which constitute a solid basis for our efforts to stabilize and transform the region. Our shared objective is the development of peaceful and good neighbourly relations. Full implementation by all parties of the Dayton/Paris Accords, as envisaged by the Peace Implementation Council (PIC) in Madrid, is also an integral element of regional stabilisation. The partners undertake fully to support the countries of the region in their effort to achieve these goals.

8.The Stability Pact process will concentrate on the areas of democracy and human rights, economic development and cooperation as well as security.

9.Democracy and Human Rights: Deep-rooted democratic habits and a vibrant civil society constitute the foundation upon which the achievement of the objectives of the Pact can be built. We will work together to encourage cooperation, including among countries of Central and Eastern Europe and of South Eastern Europe that have valuable practical experience to share, on promoting human rights and attitudes and practices of democratic accountability, personal responsibility, freedom of expression and the rule of law. We commit ourselves to continue to cooperate to restructure civil administration and to bolster the freedom of political activity and independent media throughout the region. We affirm that we are accountable to our citizens and responsible to one another for respect for OSCE norms and principles. We emphasise the important role of the Council of Europe in the implementation of the Stability Pact. We also reaffirm the right of all refugees and displaced persons to return freely and safely to their homes. We reconfirm our pledge to cooperate towards preserving the multinational and multiethnic diversity of countries in the region and protecting minorities. Established ethnic, cultural and linguistic identities and rights should be consistently protected in accordance with relevant international mechanisms and conventions. We welcome the initiative by countries of the region to develop a dialogue and consultations on human rights issues.

10.Economic Development and Cooperation: We underline the importance of enhanced economic relations of countries in the region with the European Union and of their integration into the global trading system, including WTO membership. We affirm that economic reform and the creation of a healthy business environment are necessary prerequisites for economic progress, integration and job creation. We commit ourselves to work together to remove policy and administrative obstacles to the free flow of goods and capital, in order to increase economic cooperation, trade and investment in the region and between the region and the rest of Europe and the world, and also to improve basic regional infrastructure. Countries of the region pledge to take concrete action to improve the investment climate. In turn, we will work together with the international financial institutions to develop appropriate vehicles to mobilise private finance and mitigate risk. We recognise the great economic benefit to the region of providing unilateral trade preferences for South Eastern Europe, and we commit to pursue such concrete measures to catalyse development and growth in the region. Countries in the region will continue and where necessary intensify efforts to create a predictable and fair business environment, fight corruption and crime and press on with market-oriented reforms, including privatisation. Partners will work systematically and in a coordinated way to assist them in this endeavour, drawing on their expertise and resources. In that context, we will develop specific means to allow active participation of firms from South Eastern Europe in procurement for reconstruction and development in the region. Subject to this objective, such procurement should be done through fair and transparent competition according to multilaterally agreed principles. The international financial institutions will make best efforts to assist the countries of South Eastern Europe to achieve rapid and effective economic development. We ask that proposals, including from countries in the region, on economic development and cooperation of a regional character be evaluated, as appropriate, in the EC-World Bank donor coordination process and in the Stability Pact Economic Working Table, working in close consultation with one another. Where appropriate, additional financing for regional projects could be sought from donors. Italy has offered to host a conference for this purpose.

11.Security: We pledge to work towards ending tensions and creating peaceful and good neighbourly relations in order to strengthen a climate of security throughout the region. We commit ourselves to full implementation of existing arms control and confidence-building measures and to efforts for their improvement. We will also promote civilian control of the armed forces and effective measures against organised crime, terrorism and problems caused by landmines and small arms proliferation. We will cooperate to promote transparency and accountability in defense and security matters and military spending. In this regard, we welcome the decision of Bosnia and Herzegovina to reduce its military expenditures and personnel. We furthermore welcome the recommitment of signatories present to fulfilling their Dayton arms control obligations.

12.We welcome and support the appointment of Mr. Bodo Hombach as the Special Coordinator of the Stability Pact by the Council of the European Union, as endorsed by the Chairman in Office of the OSCE. We pledge our full cooperation to the Special Coordinator in the achievement of our objectives.

13.We expect the South Eastern Europe Regional Table to establish an effective coordination framework for the Pact's activities. We welcome the intention of the Presidency of the EU to convene the first meeting of the Regional Table in September 1999. We welcome the intention of the Special Coordinator to present a Work Plan in advance of that first meeting, together with proposals on the chairs of the Working Tables to be established at this meeting. We welcome the intention of participants and facilitators and other interested countries to contribute proposals to be included in the Work Plan covering the activities of the Working Tables. We support convening of the meetings of the Working Tables within one month after the Regional Table meeting at dates and locations to be decided at the Regional Table.

14.We welcome the intention expressed by all present to translate the objectives of the Pact into concrete action, tailored to the individual needs of the countries in the region, and taking into account recommendations made by them. Operating on the basis of equality, transparency and efficiency, the Regional Table and the Working Tables will be instrumental in giving further substance to and monitoring the implementation of our commitments.

15.We call on all participants and facilitators and other interested countries to continue to participate generously in this process of transformation, economic development and reconstruction of South Eastern Europe upon which we are embarking with today's solemn gathering. We call on all to align themselves with the objective of extending the area of stability, democracy, peace and prosperity to all the peoples of South Eastern Europe.

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Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
July 30, 1999

President Clinton
Statement to the Stability Pact Summit

We are meeting in Sarajevo conscious that we have come to the end of the most turbulent decade in Europe since the 1940s. I am grateful to our Bosnian hosts and to President Ahtisaari for making this important Summit possible.

Ten years ago, more than 300 million people who lived to the east of the old Iron Curtain won the right to shape their destiny. And together we set out to build a Europe that would be, for the first time in its history, undivided, democratic and at peace. We knew the opportunity was there, and that from St. Petersburg to Sofia, millions of courageous people wanted to seize it. But we also knew that the collapse of the old order could just as easily give rise to bloodshed and chaos if a new community based on democracy, tolerance and law did not rapidly take its place.

Ten years later, Germany is united, Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic are in NATO. The Baltic nations are models of free market and democratic reform. Most of the nations of southeast Europe have chosen democracy and integration and supported, at great risk and cost, our effort to bring stability to the Balkans. Russia has faced perhaps the most difficult legacy of all with great resilience, and a determination to keep building a normal prosperous and open society.

Across most of central and southeastern Europe, the progress of open societies and open markets has exceeded our most optimistic hopes. But what has happened here in the former Yugoslavia has confirmed our most terrible fears. A decade long campaign by Mr. Milosevic to carve out a greater Serbia has left more than a quarter of a million people dead, uprooted millions more, and undermined the stability of this entire region. It has shocked our conscience, tested our resolve, threatened the region's progress and the values on which we want a new Europe to be built.

That is why NATO and its partners acted, first in Bosnia, now in Kosovo. But stopping the destruction is not enough. We cannot say our job is finished when refugees are returning to shattered lives. We cannot pretend our work is done when Serbia is still ruled by leaders who maintain power by manipulating ethnic differences, living off corruption and threatening their neighbors. We cannot pretend our victory is complete when the people of a vast region of Europe are still suffering from the disruption brought about by a decade of violence.

At the NATO summit in Washington, when the outcome of the conflict was not yet clear, many of us came together to begin discussing these challenges. It is far more significant that we are meeting now when the immediate danger is over. The unity that helped us win the war has endured to help us win the peace.

We are here today with two basic principles in mind.

First, Sarajevo cannot be like the Balkan conferences of Europe's past, where great powers met to carve up the map and decide the fate of weaker nations. The nations of southeast Europe are taking the lead telling us their needs and determining their destiny. And none of us have any interest in redrawing borders. On the contrary, our goal is the full integration of this region into a Europe where borders unite rather than divide. That is how we solved the problem of aggressive nationalism in western Europe after World War II. That is how we can solve it here. Our answer to calls for a "greater Serbia" and a "greater Albania" must be a greater Europe.

Second, the transformation and integration of this region cannot be achieved piecemeal, one province, one country, one crisis at a time. Nor is it a race, in which the most prosperous countries compete to "escape" from the Balkans at the expense of their neighbors. The pace will certainly vary, but we have to move forward together. And we all have responsibilities to meet.

The countries of southeast Europe have a responsibility to work and plan together for a future of shared security and prosperity, just as the nations of western Europe did after World War II, and the nations of Central Europe did after the Cold War. I am gratified that the leaders of the region have taken the initiative. Coming to Sarajevo with plans to improve regional cooperation, from the advancement of democracy and human rights, to the development of their infrastructure, to the cooperation in border areas, to the fight against narcotics, corruption and crime. I am pleased that neighbors such as Ukraine and Moldova, who are still struggling with the challenges of transition themselves, are here with us as well, demonstrating their commitment to integration with a united, secure, and prosperous Europe. And it is gratifying to have representatives here from central Europe, whose experience in the transition from dictatorship to democracy can benefit their neighbors in southeast Europe.

The countries of the region also have a responsibility to accelerate their economic reforms and to improve their investment climate. The region's economies will not grow unless its markets are open, its laws are fairly enforced, and investors are willing to bank on its future. This is very hard work. But change must come from the inside out before it can come from the outside in.

In turn, the region's partners in Europe and North America must do our part to help the nations of this region to stand on their feet, to remove obstacles to trade, and to encourage investment.

On Wednesday in Brussels, we held a donors conference to meet the immediate humanitarian needs caused by the conflict in Kosovo. Today, we are focused on the economic future of the region as a whole.

We are making a commitment to take generous, immediate, and unilateral steps to improve market access for products made in southeast Europe. I will work with the United States Congress to establish a trade preference program similar to our Andean initiative, which will offer duty-free treatment for most of the region's exports.

All of us will work to bring the nations of the region into the World Trade Organization on commercially acceptable terms -- and provide the technical assistance they need to meet those terms. We will encourage the participation of private companies in the region in the reconstruction of Kosovo and eventually Serbia as pan of a fair procurement process.

We will also work to mobilize private investment in the region's economics, and to support the development of its private sector. To that end, America's Overseas Private Investment Corporation will establish a $150 million investment fund for the region and a $200 million credit line. In addition, in consultation with Congress we will work with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development on the creation of a trust fund that would be used to help businesses in the region become more competitive and viable and provide project finance. We would be willing to contribute $15 million in the first year, and to consider up to $50 million overall, as long as the EBRD targets an additional $80 million for the region. In addition, we will support the creation of a regional equity fund of up to $300 million, with financing from the international financial institutions, to make equity investments in private enterprises in the region. Our Commerce Secretary William Daley will also sponsor a mission to the region to showcase trade and investment opportunities and build new business partnerships.

I expect that our EU partners will take similar steps. This effort can only succeed if you do. While access to America's markets is important, integration with the EU market offers the greatest prospect of boosting the economy of southeast Europe,

And as the region's economies grow and its democracies grow stronger, we must work together to speed their integration into Europe and transatlantic institutions.

NATO's doors remain open to new members prepared to assume the responsibilities of membership. We will work with aspiring Allies in southeast Europe to help them become stronger candidates -- through the Partnership for Peace, through NATO's Membership Action Plan, and by encouraging deeper security cooperation within the region. And we will not forget the sacrifices they made to support NATO's continuing operations in Kosovo.

Although the United States is not a member of the European Union, we also have a strong interest in encouraging its expansion to move forward as rapidly as possible. We welcome any steps the EU can take to strengthen its relationship with countries in this region, including increased access to trade. Even if membership is not around the comer for those nations that are struggling economically, it must be a realistic prospect, or Europe will remain a Continent of haves and have-nots and our work here will be in vain.

The commitments we are making today will benefit every part of this region that is governed democratically. They will benefit Kosovo. They will benefit the Republic of Montenegro. They will benefit Bosnia. We look forward to the day when they will benefit Serbia as well. But that day has not yet come. For Serbia is still ruled by a government that rejects the most basic principles of the Stability Pact -- the very government that is responsible for the destruction, despair and displacement that we are here to overcome.

I believe that the people of Serbia want to be part of the mainstream of Europe again, governed by leaders who share their desire to live in a normal, democratic and prosperous nation. I do not believe they want to be manipulated into fighting more losing wars on behalf of indicted leaders who only wish to preserve their own power and stolen wealth. We must provide them humanitarian aid so that they do not go hungry and cold. But we must also remember that Serbia is a country in which all meaningful economic activity it controlled by political leaders and their cronies, who have led Serbia to ruin. Assistance for reconstruction would only perpetuate the Milosevic regime. And that, in turn, would only perpetuate the suffering of the people of Serbia.

Serbia will only have a future when Mr. Milosevic and his policies are consigned to the past. Therefore, the best way to express our concern for the people of Serbia is to support their struggle for democratic change. I will work with our Congress to provide $10 million this year, and more over the next two years, to strengthen non-governmental organizations in Serbia, the independent media, independent trade unions, and the democratic opposition. I am pleased that the countries of the region intend to support this effort as well. Those who have experience leading a democratic transition can offer invaluable assistance and advice to those who aspire to lead one in Serbia.

Finally, let me thank our partners in the European Union for their leadership and their willingness to be the principal contributors to the reconstruction of Kosovo and the development of southeast Europe. The International Donor Coordinators Process, chaired by the World Bank and the European Commission, will also play a key role in answering needs and mobilizing resources. We will do our part to work closely with the Stability Pact partners and the countries of the region.

At the same time, the United States will do its part, because it is in our interest to help complete the construction of an undivided, democratic and peaceful Europe. We want to see an end to conflict in this region. We want to see freedom take firm root. We want to see human rights enshrined not only in formal documents but in daily lives. We want the nations of the region to be our partners in security and prosperity.

We strongly support the Stability Pact and pledge our support for it. The challenge now is to agree to a solid work plan and produce concrete results in the weeks and months ahead. We look forward to working with the Presidency of the EU, with the Stability Pact coordinator Bodo Hombach, and most important with our friends and partners in this region to turn promises into progress and to make this effort a success.

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SARAJEVO - Vendredi 30 juillet 1999

INTERVENTION DE M. JACQUES CHIRAC PRESIDENT DE LA REPUBLIQUE LORS DU SOMMET DU PACTE DE STABILITE

Je souhaiterais, tout d'abord, remercier la présidence de la Bosnie-Herzégovine pour son accueil, rendre hommage à l'Allemagne qui a pris l'initiative de ce Pacte de Stabilité et saluer la dynamique Présidence finlandaise.

Ce Sommet revêt trois enjeux, il est porteur de trois espoirs.

L'espoir de la démocratie tout d'abord. La démocratie qui ne va pas sans tolérance, hélas encore absente de l'ensemble de cette région.

Au coeur de l'ex-Yougoslavie, nous lançons un appel aux peuples de la R.F.Y et notamment au peuple serbe. Nous lui disons qu'il fait partie de la famille des peuples européens. Qu'un régime démocratique s'instaure à Belgrade, que la liberté y recouvre tous ses droits, et nous serons les premiers à accueillir ce grand pays au sein de l'Europe moderne et de la Communauté internationale.

Nous lançons aussi un appel solennel à la réconciliation entre toutes les communautés nationales au Kosovo. Il faut qu'elles apprennent à vivre ensemble, en tournant leur regard non pas vers le passé mais vers l'avenir. Il n'y aura pas de stabilité sans esprit de tolérance et volonté de paix de la part de tous. Et je dirais qu'ici comme ailleurs c'est un problème autant de génération que de conviction. Je rappelle que l'Union européenne vient de lancer un appel. J'espère qu'il sera entendu.

L'espoir d'une région balkanique pacifique, démocratique et développée : c'est l'objet même du Pacte de Stabilité. Chacun doit y prendre sa responsabilité.

D'abord les pays de la région eux-mêmes. C'est par des mesures pratiques de bon voisinage, par des accords bilatéraux, par un changement des mentalités que l'on parviendra à une véritable stabilité, au bénéfice de tous.

L'Union européenne doit assumer toutes ses responsabilités. Elle l'a fait en étant l'initiateur de ce Pacte et en étant son premier contributeur. Elle le fera, le jour venu, en accueillant en son sein les pays qui ont vocation à la rejoindre.

Nous saluons également les pays tiers, l'ONU et les autres organisations internationales qui apportent leur concours actif à cette grande ambition. Je pense en particulier, bien sûr, aux Etats-Unis et à la Russie sans lesquels la paix ne règnerait pas aujourd'hui en Bosnie et au Kosovo.

L'enjeu de ce Sommet, c'est enfin la place de l'Union européenne sur la scène internationale. Il lui appartient d'affirmer son rôle, comme elle le fait aujourd'hui, dans la recherche d'une paix et d'un développement durable dans cette région. Il ne faut pas s'y tromper : si l'Union européenne ne parvient pas à relever ce défi, le défi de la paix, de la stabilité et du développement, personne ne le fera à sa place. En revanche, si elle y parvient, ce Sommet marquera pour elle le début d'une ère nouvelle dans le monde.

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ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND CO-OPERATION IN EUROPE
For information - not an official document

Sarajevo, 30 July 1999

Address by OSCE Chairman-in Office Foreign Minister Knut Vollebaek of Norway delivered at the Stability Pact Summit

Four years ago this city and this country were in the midst of a terrible war. The fact that we are meeting in Sarajevo today says a great deal about the progress that has been made. Sarajevo has become a symbol of hope. There could be no more appropriate venue for this Summit. The Dayton Accords were a turning point for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Equally, this Summit should be a turning point for all of Southeastern Europe.

For too long the approach of the international community to Balkan trouble-spots has been piecemeal and reactive. Lasting peace and stability can come about only through a long-term and regional approach. The Stability Pact is the clearest expression of this fundamental insight.

The Pact represents a partnership between the countries of the region and the broader international community. The countries of the region deserve our support. However, ultimate responsibility for building peace and stability in Southeastern Europe remains with the countries themselves.

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia must share this responsibility. Hence, it is entirely appropriate that the Stability Pact foresees the full and equal participation of that country in the Pact. The FRY must not continue to isolate itself. The Serb people deserves better.

The objectives of the Stability Pact must be embraced by every government. Democratic principles must take root throughout the region. The OSCE will do its utmost to assist. But the challenges of building peace, democracy and stability cannot be solved by governments alone. The Stability Pact ought to be as much about linking citizens as about linking states. Thus, I welcome the insistence by NGOs in general and regional women?s organizations in particular that they should have a role in the implementation of the Pact.

The OSCE has placed the Stability Pact under its auspices. Hence, the OSCE is committed to playing an active role in the Pact?s development and implementation. To that end, we will make full use of the OSCE?s institutions and field missions. The OSCE?s considerable field presence across Southeastern Europe will facilitate close cooperation with the countries of the region. The Stability Pact belongs to them - their initiatives and ideas must be encouraged and supported.

In close coordination with the Special Coordinator, the OSCE will give active support to the proceedings of the Southeast Europe Regional Table as well as the Working Tables. We are preparing for a particularly responsible role concerning the Working Table on Democratization and Human Rights. In this regard, we have entered into a dialogue with the Council of Europe with a view to ensuring close and constructive cooperation.

The OSCE is furthermore ready to use its expertise in support of activities under the Working Table on Security Issues. The OSCE welcomes the recent, unilateral initiative by Bosnia and Herzegovina to reduce military budgets and personnel. This example should be followed by others.

Today we are reaffirming the commitment of the international community to support the countries of the region in their quest for lasting peace and stability. Over the coming weeks and months this promise must be translated into practical action. The OSCE Summit in Istanbul in November will provide us with an opportunity to take stock of the progress of the Stability Pact process. The OSCE is determined to do its very best to ensure that tangible results are achieved by that time.

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Paris, 28 juillet 1999

Communiqué du Ministère des Affaires etrangères

SOMMET DU PACTE DE STABILITE

''Le Président de la République, accompagné de M. Charles Josselin, ministre délégué à la Coopération et à la Francophonie, participera le vendredi 30 juillet à Sarajevo au Sommet du Pacte de Stabilité.

Cette réunion - à laquelle assisteront tous les Chefs d'Etat et de Gouvernement des pays participant au Pacte de Stabilité ainsi que les Hauts représentants des Organisations internationales associées à ce Pacte - sera présidée par M. Ahtisaari, en sa qualité de Président de l'Union européenne puisque le Pacte de Stabilité résulte d'une initiative des Quinze et que l'Union européenne y joue un rôle-pilote.

Cette réunion se tient à Sarajevo, ville qui a été choisie pour ce Sommet, malgré d'évidentes difficultés d'organisation, car elle rappelle les tragédies de notre siècle, depuis la première guerre mondiale jusqu'au drame de la Bosnie-Herzégovine, mais aussi parce qu'elle est un symbole de respect et de tolérance entre des communautés, des religions et des cultures différentes.

L'objet du Sommet de Sarajevo sera de marquer de la façon la plus solennelle l'engagement des pays participants de mettre en oeuvre les principes qu'ils ont acceptés en adoptant le 10 juin dernier à Cologne le Pacte de Stabilité.

C'est le lancement d'un processus de longue durée. Les travaux proprement dit commenceront en septembre prochain et s'organiseront autour de trois ''Tables thématiques'', consacrées respectivement aux Droits de l'Homme et à la Démocratie, à la Reconstruction et au Développement économique et enfin aux questions de sécurité.''

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Liste des participants au sommet de Sarajevo sur le Pacte de stabilité (28 et 30 juillet 1999)

•Albania
•Republic of Bulgaria
•Republic of Croatia
•Republic of Estonia
•Finland
•Germany
•Greece
•Hungary
•Ireland
•Italy
•Latvia
•Lithuania
•Luxembourg
•Republic of Moldova
•The Netherlands
•Norway
•OSCE Chairman in Office
•NATO
•Portugal
•Romania
•Slovak Republic
•Kingdom of Spain
•Sweden
•Ukraine
•United Kingdom
•Council of Europe
•Japan
•UNITED NATIONS
•UNHCR
•OECD
•Black Sea Economic Cooperation
•The World Bank
•European Investment Bank EIB
•European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD
•International Monetary Fund
•Royaumont Process
•International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC
•Elisabeth Rehn Former SRSG BiH
•Council of the European Union
•European Commission
•OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities International Mediator for the Federation
•High Representative Elect (Wolfgang Petritsch)
•Republic of Montenegro

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