Elections municipales en Albanie
Gazeta Shqiptare - 04/12/2003 - Albanie : le scrutin municipal de Tirana partiellement annulé
Une faible participation (49 %) a marqué, le 12 octobre, les élections municipales en Albanie.
Selon des résultats partiels (369 communes sur 384) le PS obtient 34,68% des suffrages et gagnent dans 184 villes et le PD recueille 32,61% des voix et la coalition PD+PR+PBL gagnent dans 139 villes. Parmi les petits partis le PSD obtient 6 communes, le PLL 4 communes, le PDK 4 communes et le PDS 2 communes.
|Partia Demokracia Sociale||2.87%|
|Partia Aleanca Demokratike||2.81%|
|Partia Bashkimi i tė Drejtave tė Njeriut||2.78%|
|Partia Lėvizja e Legalitetit||2.28%|
|Partia Demokrate e Re||2.17%|
|Partia e Ballit Kombėtar||1.55%|
|Partia Bashkimi Liberal||0.52%|
|Partia Demokratike e Rinovuar||0.38%|
|Partia Balli Kombėtar Demokrat||0.30%|
Les socialistes conservent les importantes mairies de Tirana et Durrės mais perdent celle d'Elbasan. La gauche gagne, également, Berat, Fier, Vlora, Gjirokastra, Pogradec, Kukės, Pukė et Shijak. La droite remporte de nombreux bastions socialistes et gagne ą Shkodra, Burel, Lushnjes, Peshkopi, Saranda et Korēa.
Bastionet qė humbi PS-ja
Saranda Ardian Shehu
Korēa Gjergji Duro
Elbasani Hysen Domi
Lushnje Ylli Myftiu
Divjakė Sokrat Lapi
Selenica Ilir Veizaj
Himara Gjergj Goro
Peshkopia Ylber Ēenga
Burreli Halit Poleni
Résultats par ville
Déclaration 1 de la CEC du 14/10/2003
Déclaration 2 de la CEC du 14/10/2003
OSCE - 12 October 2003 - Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions
Pėrse duhet tė votojmė
|Faqe 10 - Koment||
Pėrse duhet tė shkojmė tė votojmė
Zgjedhjet janė dita kur ju jeni vendimmarrės, pushteti ėshtė nė dorėn tuaj. Ato bėhen pėr tė zgjedhur drejtuesit lokalė pėr tre vitet e ardhshme. Ky ėshtė njė rast i mirė pėr tiu rikthyer vlerave morale tė fisnikėrisė tonė si popull, pėr tė dėshmuar kulturė demokratike, pėr tė respektuar pushtetin e votės si dhe pėr tė pėrkrahur ose jo me anė tė votės atė qė ju dėshironi. Kjo ėshtė rruga qė kanė ndjekur kombet e qytetėruara deri nė modernizimin e shtetit tė sė drejtės dhe tė vlerave tė lirisė, demokracisė e zhvillimit...
...Ajo ēfarė kėrkohet ėshtė mjaft e thjeshtė: secili tė bėhet pjesė aktive e procesit, tė votojė i qetė dhe tė mos lejojė askėnd tė cėnojė zhvillimin e zgjedhjeve tė lira e tė ndershme. Pjesėmarrja nė zgjedhje rrit besimin e tyre, forcon institucionet demokratike dhe ju bėn pjesė aktive tė vendimmarrjes.
Tranzicioni i gjatė dhe i vėshtirė sigurisht qė shumė njerėz i ka lodhur, megjithatė, kjo kurrsesi nuk duhet tė na bėjė mosbesues pėr tė ardhmen. Shoqėria shqiptare ka akoma vlera pozitive pėr tė cilat ia vlen pėr tė besuar. Duke mos marrė pjesė nė zgjedhje, dashje e padashje i cėnojnė vetvetes tė drejtėn morale pėr tu kėrkuar llogari tė zgjedhurve tė rinj lokalė. E kundėrta, pra pjesėmarrja nė votime dhe vendimi juaj nėpėrmjet votės e me vullnet tė lirė pėr drejtuesit e ardhshėm lokalė, i shndėrron zgjedhjet nė zgjidhje tė shumė problemeve qė na shqetėsojnė. Mbi tė gjitha nuk duhet tė harrojmė se me suksesin ose mossuksesin e kėtyre zgjedhjeve janė tė lidhura imazhi i vendit dhe ecuria e procesit tė integrimit euroatlantik. 12 Tetori do tė jetė njė provė e rėndėsishme pėr tė gjitha institucionet e shtetit tonė. Ēdo institucion pėrgjegjes pėr zgjedhjet ka rastin tė dėshmojė vullnetin, pėrgjegjėsinė dhe vendosmėrinė pėr tė respektuar ligjin dhe Kushtetutėn. Me kėtė rast nė mėnyrė tė veēantė ftoj Komisionin Qendror tė Zgjedhjeve, Komisionet Vendore nė rrethe dhe komisionet nė qendrat e votimit tė jenė shembull i drejtėsisė, barazisė dhe paanėsisė nė numėrimin e votave dhe respektimin e vullnetit tė lirė tė qytetarėve shqiptarė. Kjo ėshtė njė kėrkesė kushtetuese dhe njė detyrim ligjor. Nė tė njėjtėn kohė ftoj efektivat e Policisė dhe organet e tjera shtetėrore nė detyrė gjatė zgjedhjeve, qė me profesionalizėm dhe korrektėsi pėrpara ligjit dhe larg ēdo praktike tė gabuar tė sė kaluarės, tė bėhen pjesė e besimit dhe vullnetit pėr mbylljen me sukses tė procesit zgjedhor. Gjithashtu ftoj administratėn qendrore e lokale tė jetė nė krye tė detyrave tė saj nė shėrbim tė qytetarėve. Tė dashur bashkėqytetarė! Le tė bėhemi tė gjithė pjesė tė kėtij procesi, tė bėjmė secili detyrėn tonė qytetare e ligjore, nė mėnyrė qė mė 12 Tetor tė fitojnė Shqipėria dhe shqiptarėt.
The Voting Centre Commissions start to close the voting process
|[MEDIA RELEASE 12. 10.
2003] The Central Elections Commission declares that the local
government elections of October 12, 2003, have been conducted in an
orderly way in the majority of the voting centres. Opened at 07.00 hrs on
Sunday, the elections started and go on in a correct manner.
The turnout of population in elections until 19.00 was 49 per cent. These are preliminary data, as the voting continues in many voting centers throughout the electoral territory.
The Central Elections Commission, based on a complaint of the Democratic Party, decided to postpone the closing time of the voting centres of Tirana Municipality to 20.00 hrs, while in the rest of the electoral territory, the voting was closed at 19.00 hrs.
Faible taux de participation
Le taux de participation était inférieur ą 40% ą trois heures de la fermeture de plus de 4.770 bureaux de vote, selon la commission électorale centrale. Selon la liste finale de la CEC, 2,703,608 électeurs doivent désigner les maires et les conseillers de 76 villes et 308 municipalités parmi les candidats d'une soixantaine de partis.
"L'image de l'Albanie et son intégration aux structures euro-atlantiques dépend de l'organisation d'un scrutin libre et honnźte", a estimé le président albanais Alfred Moisiu dans un message adressé dimanche ą la nation. "Le 12 octobre c'est l'Albanie qui gagnera", a-t-il martelé, invitant les électeurs ą s'exprimer en toute liberté.
Le Premier ministre albanais Fatos Nano, leader du Parti socialiste a déclaré que "l'enjeu du scrutin est une consultation libre et transparente. Le pays n'a plus de temps ą perdre, il doit faire vite pour entrer avec dignité dans la grande famille européenne".
M. Berisha, qui a annoncé qu'il demanderait le départ du gouvernement et la tenue d'élections législatives anticipées si son Parti démocratique remportait la majorité aux municipales, a appelé les Albanais ą voter pour "l'élimination du pouvoir du crime et de la mafia". "L'ouragan du PD va évincer du pouvoir le crime, la corruption, la mafia", a lancé M. Berisha au cours de la campagne électorale. "Le temps de Berisha est fini", a rétorqué Nano, qualifiant de "fomenteur de troubles" son éternel rival.
Selon l'OSCE, qui a supervisé les préparatifs du scrutin, le vote de dimanche pourrait constituer un test pour la jeune démocratie albanaise. "Les élections municipales sont trčs importantes pour l'Albanie car elles seront un indice du développement démocratique du pays et un test de la volonté politique de l'Albanie d'organiser une consultation dans le respect des normes internationales", a déclaré ą l'AFP, Osmo Lipponen, le représentant en Albanie de l'OSCE.
Consulter le texte du Code électoral (loi 9087 du 19 juin 2003).
Pallati i Kongreseve
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Report 2002 on the activity of
Central Election Commission to the Assembly of the
Mr. Speaker of Parliament,
Members of Parliament,
time, the CECs report to the Assembly on its annual activity comes in a
regardless of the above, year 2002 involved the CEC in a wide-ranging activity.
The CEC had, among other things, prepared and organized seven by-election
were organized in election zones no. 98, no. 19 and no. 52 for electing MPs in
the Assembly, as well as in the Communes of Shushica (Vlora region), Kolsh (Lezha
region), Dajti (Tirana region) and Llugaj (Kukes region).
the preparation, organization, management and supervision of these
by-elections was an important part of the CECs activity for the year 2002,
the efforts to strengthen CECs professional capacity, the commitment and
concentration to implement the OSCE/ODIHRs recommendations, the drafting
and development of the strategy for the next local government elections were
an essential part of last years activity.
the course of the last year, the CEC has taken into account the political
parties assessments, stances and observations. In its own activity, the CEC
has ever-increasingly asked and tried to co-operate closely with the political
parties across the whole political spectrum.
previously stated, in its own activity the CEC has continuously taken into
account the OSCE/ODIHRs recommendations. On the basis of these
recommendations, the CEC drafted and submitted to the Special Parliamentary
Commission the so-called bi-partisan commission, the required
documentation on the relevant procedures and processes.
this material, the CEC has provided [to
the commission] all the required material. Hence, it has provided [the
commission] with the results tabulations, election documentation,
different decisions, etc. A complete package of documentation related to Zone
no. 60 was also prepared.
order to assist the commissions workings, the CEC also submitted a report
on the problems encountered in the 24 June elections. Additionally, the
commission was provided, as requested, with the relevant remarks and
assessments by the CECs members.
In this context, the CEC has valued the discussions held in the round-tables initiated by OSCE/ODIHR on issues of electoral reform. Through our participation in these round-tables we have made an effort to make a useful contribution to the issues being discussed.
view of all the above, in year 2002, the CEC has generally operated in the
spirit of ODIHR recommendations.
this spirit, the CEC has also established its own objectives for the next
local government elections.
the first time, the CEC has drafted and approved a Strategic Plan on the Local
Government Elections 2003, which entails and considers all elements pertinent
to the preparation, organization, management and supervision of elections.
Hence, the CEC aims to have an organized process of preparations for the
elections, which will be accepted in all aspects by both the voters and the
political parties, and moreover, a timely-organized process. Furthermore, the
plan will enhance the level of election processs transparency, thus,
increasing the electoral subjects and candidates-political parties
confidence on the electoral process.
this way, it is hoped to move away from the tradition of initiating the
preparations in two, or the worst case, one month prior to the election day.
The concept that elections are a simple process in terms of election
preparation and organization, is an out-dated concept that does not comply the
standards stipulated in OSCEs acts and other recognized and accepted
international practice of countries with long-standing and well-established
democracies shows that the process of preparation for elections is a permanent
endeavor for the election authorities from one process to the next.
the CEC Strategic Plan, the CEC has generally outlined its own working program
from March 2002 to October 2003. With the accomplishment of this Strategic
Plan into practical projects, the CEC aims at achieving certain goals, such
achieving these goals, the CEC has pursued several objectives, and it has
worked toward this direction.
first of all, the CEC has worked to establish the ZECs and LGECs. The Election
Code tasks the CEC with establishing these commissions, and this is one of the
most important duties of the CEC. At the beginning of the year 2002, the CEC,
in accordance with Article 32 of the Electoral Code, asked from the political
parties to submit their proposals for appointing members to the ZECs on the
basis of the outcomes of 24 June elections.
invitation was addressed continuously to the political parties, but only 2-3
political parties were able to bring their proposals accounting for about 80%
of the ZECs members, whereas the rest of them brought proposals accounting
for only 4-7% of them. Therefore, the process of establishing the ZECs had
come to a standstill.
view of this years upcoming local government elections, the establishment
of the LGECs is considered to be of major
importance. Although quite a few of them are considered to be already
established (as they were functioning for the elections on 24.06.2001), they
do not actually operate.
is a legal requirement for the members of medium level election commissions to
meet certain qualifications and requirements. This requires political parties
to attach the relevant documentation to their proposals that certifies the
above qualifications and requirement are met. Yet, it happens that this
documentation is often missing, and in order not to damage the stability of
the election process, the CEC had, in many cases, appointed the proposed
persons even though the documentation was not complete.
a matter of fact, the political parties often encounter difficulties in
filling out this documentation since their representatives have to look in on
different offices, and their requests for documentation are not always fully
heavily-debated issue for the CEC and at the discussions with the political
parties representatives at the CEC was the process of replacing the
above-mentioned members. It is not yet clear, because of this debate, whether
they will be removed for the same motives as those of applied for the CEC
member-as it is generally provided for in the Electoral Code-or in cases when
a political party asks for his/her replacement the CEC shall be obliged to
endorse the request.
is not clear whether the removal only in defined cases is an obligation for
the CEC not to abuse with such decisions and to recognize the right of the
party in appointing a person of their will, or is it a protection of these
structures integrity from abusive decisions of the CEC and political
deem that this discussion shall be brought to your attention as lawmakers in
order to find, if possible, a clear and unequivocal solution.
consider there shall be found a fairer and more inclusive relationship between
the interest of political parties and the political sympathy or responsibility
of the members of the medium level election commissions, and the request to
technically administer the process as provided by the law. This implies that
these persons shall be election officials of this process.
is, in fact, a contradiction between what is foreseen in the Election Code and
reality. The Code provides for these commissions to be permanent election
structures. As a matter of fact, there is no real permanence. Many members of
these commissions would change their places of residence in the period
in-between two elections.
with few non-essential exceptions, the Code does not provide for any duty for
the members of these commissions in the period-in between two elections.
to lack of funds, the CEC cannot organize training courses for these
commissioners. Also, due to the fact that the commissioners often move, (be
that because of demographic reasons, or because they are replaced by their own
party), the CEC is not sure whether the trained person would still be part of
the process of election administration.
the above are part of the CECs findings during its own activity.
would like to bring to your attention the fact that the experiences of
well-established European and American democracies show that election
officials are persons with certain professional and cultural education, which
are capable to manage an election process; they are permanently trained; and
most importantly, they do have a long experience in exercising the duty of an
election official. That is the case for all them, regardless of whether they
are part of the election administration, volunteers, political representatives,
or part of a mixed structure.
the CEC bears the greatest legal and moral responsibility in an election
process; however, it is also important that the local-level commissioners bear
their own responsibilities. It is not unintentional that many of the OSCE and
ODIHR documents, starting from the Document of Copenhagen, etc., refer to
commissioners with extensive knowledge over the election process, as well as
the responsibility of the highest election authority for their continuous
accordance with the recommendations of the Final ODIHR Report, we consider
that some issues might be subject to further revision in order to find the
best adequate solution for all participating parties.
believe that the establishment of an association of election commissioners
would better serve the interest of consolidating the medium-level
commissioners. This initiative has already taken shape and form, with the
establishment of the associations grass-roots structures, and the CEC has
so far supported the initiative.
This process needs to be seriously and open-mindedly evaluated in all aspects. The experience, has proven so far that the tendency to come up with favorable solutions only to one side, has damaged certain elements of the election process and it has often turned into a boomerang for those endorsing this solution.
of the Voter Registry has been one of the CECs working objectives for the
stressing the importance of the voters list in an election process and the
direct connection between this list and the election standards, the CEC had
decided to add up the improvement of the list to its own work priorities.
the CEC has initially organized several round-tables, to which it invited
representatives of the government, political parties and other institutions
connected in one way or the other to the voter register.
this opportunity, we would like to remind that there was a useful presentation
by different political parties, which are understandably interested on the
matter. The CEC listened carefully to their representation and remarks, with
most of the proposals being incorporated as part of the CECs strategy in
reviewing the voters list for this years Local Government Elections.
these round-tables, the CEC aimed to raise the awareness of all the interested
parties, especially the government on this matter, and through discussions
with all the participants, we hoped to identify problems and define means for
improving this list. However, it appears that due to involvement in other
issues, especially political ones, these factors had somehow distracted the
attention from this issue.
Nevertheless, through discussions with the political parties across the whole political spectrum, the CEC and IFES Albania had drafted, approved and implemented a pilot-project in Kavaja. This project was supported financially with funds granted by the Dutch and Italian governments.
pilot-project implemented in Election Zone No. 47
view of the above objectives, this can be considered a successful project.
Given the opportunity, I would like to stress that this was made possible
thanks to the indispensable assistance and financial support by IFES Albania,
as well as the persistent commitment by the structures of the local government
Voters List of the 24 June Elections was matched with the registers of the
civil registry office following a computerization process of these registers.
Therefore, all the data of these registers was stored in a computer. The
collected data indicated the figure of 35,346 inhabitants.
resulting from matching this list with the register of the municipalitys
civil registry office (CRO) follows:
the matching exercise showed that 1,500 persons, or 6% of the voters in the
voters list as of 24.06.2001 are not found in the register of civil registry
office of this municipality, and 891 persons eligible voters were found in the
civil registry, but were not in the voters list of this election zone. Of the
above, 671 persons were found to be voters in other zones and only 220 of them
do not appear in any of the voter lists.
order to carry out the verification of information in the field, the project
organized and conducted a door-to-door verification method.
the project made use of INSTATs database. INSTATs database was used for
facilitating the process of voters identification by using the residential
codes assigned by INSTAT. For the implementation of the project, another
company specialized in producing digital maps was contracted.
projects ultimate goal was to draw polling centre zone maps.
The drawing of these maps would lead to the voter casting his/her ballot in
the polling centre where he/she resides.
The digital mapping was provided by the above-mentioned company.
Kavajas pilot project showed that there is no clear boundary line between
the municipality and the communes. Despite the fact that inner citys maps
matched to a great extent with each other, there was no clear boundary line
between the communes and the municipality. The area covered by this boundary
line appears to be occupied by residences of Kavaja municipality inhabitants
and others from the neighboring communes. Hence, it occurs that inhabitants of
the Municipality may have built residences in the neighboring communes
the end of last year, the CEC initiated a project to improve the list for the
CEC will take into consideration the final conclusions drawn from Kavajas
to the process of compiling the voters list of 24 June 2001 elections, at
present, the project aims at carrying through a complete matching exercise
with the register of the civil registry office, and not only with the
additions and changes.
process will be strictly supervised and will enjoy the support of different
partners, and training courses will be organized for the servants of the civil
the Government is required to support financially the process, otherwise, if
no honorariums are being paid, this process will not lead to the necessary
it is thought that this figure might be higher in major cities. Regardless of
this fact, the CEC will carry on working to prepare the digital maps, but this
process will not be fully completed for the next elections.
of the methods will be able to ensure an accurate voters list as long as
the above-mentioned problems remain unsolved. In such a situation, the list
will be considered as accurate only if it will be compiled on the basis of
requests and registrations to vote. This requires changes in the current legal
framework. This solution is hardly likely, if not at all, to be adopted in the
the current circumstances, at least from a theoretical viewpoint, voting could
be allowed only in the voters own location of the civil registry office.
But this solution will have to take into consideration the fact that many
citizens have different places of residence from that in the civil registry
for the above, it is understood that there is no definite or institutional
stand by the CEC, and furthermore, the CEC is an institution that does not
deal with lawmaking procedures.
compilation of the voters list by safeguarding the eligible citizens
right to vote where they reside regardless of where the civil registry office
is located, and in order to conduct to the largest extent possible an
improvement of the list, will have to take into consideration the fact that
the reviewing process should not be conducted single-handedly by political
representatives. This is an issue which requires the assessment of political
the CECs staff professional level was one of the objectives of the year
CEC aims to establishing a professional administration. Over the course of
last year, the commission employed new staff members with certain professional
qualities and level of general education that will serve to the preparation
and organization of an election process as much closer as possible to the
with the watchfulness applied while employing new staff members, the CEC has
also focused on training courses as a means of strengthening its professional
the last year, with support from IFES, several training courses were carried
out by companies specialized in the field of public administration. These
trainings were held in continuity and aimed at increasing the
administrations management capabilities.
election process cannot be managed without a capable and qualified election
administration. For that reason that the CEC sees this as
one of its continuous objectives.
this case, we would like to bring to your attention the following issue. The
CEC is the only Constitutional institution, which even after two and a half
years of work has not been sheltered in its own proper and appropriate
the last two years ago and before, the CEC has been housed in the
the election documentation and election materials both of them very
important as regards the accurateness of juridical-electoral facts and their
monetary value are not well-administered due to improper housing
contacts with the Prime Minister where we raised the issue in question, we
were promised it will be resolved. In our view, the issue requires a legal
solution if it is not to depend on the governments will.
held in 2002 were an important part of the last years CECs activity
for electing MPs were held in election zones No. 98, No. 19, and No. 52 and
for electing commune chairs in the communes of Shushica, Dajti, Llugaj, and
for electing chair for the commune council in Kolsh.
opposed to the general elections, these by-elections, also due to the lighter
workload, the CEC made an effort to organize a complete supervision of them in
conformity with Article 153 of the Constitution.
almost all cases, the CEC monitored the majority of the polling stations. The
purpose of the presence of CEC representatives in these polling stations was
first, for assisting the local commissioners and second, to provide the CEC
with accurate information on how the process was conducted.
the CEC aimed to avoid, as much as possible, the occurring irregularities and
was later able to verify, on-the-spot, how an election process was conducted
under the conditions of being closely monitored and supervised.
CEC considers that in view of the preparations, organization and management,
these were elections of a higher level. With rare exceptions, the
administration of the process was generally in conformity with the law,
CECs decisions and instructions.
conflict situations, which were often very aggressive in previous elections,
were not observed. This shows a better level of election administration by the
mid- and low-level commissioners in presenting a complete and accurate
documentation from the formal-juridical viewpoint.
despite of the progress being made, we stress that there is still noted a
spirit of distrust between the commissioners. While exercising their duties as
commissioners, they often bring out their political-electoral positions and it
was only due to the CECs intervention, in certain cases, that the
processs decision-making and administration was not damaged.
the administration of the process, the commissioners often find it difficult
to get away with the contacts with a political representative, even though in
a majority of cases it is noted that they seek not to remain under the
is important to understand that the partisan control and supervision of the
process and elements linked to it, shall again be an element of the election
process, but this does not imply, in any case, the impose, orientation or
delivery of command.
these by-elections, the CEC, also due to the possibilities, conducted more
comprehensive training courses with the commissioners, in view of the
participation but also of the knowledge delivered in them. As opposed to
previous years, the training was also complete with members of the polling
the CEC has already fulfilled one of its legal requirements, which is also in
conformity with ODIHR standards and recommendations on elections.
documentation is ever improving. Though the timeframe for announcing the
election day was no longer than one month, the CEC has managed to process and
improve a great part of this documentation. In this framework, it would be
useful for the CEC to be given a defined time-limit for organizing
decisions were part of the reviewing procedures in preparing the elections.
The CEC aimed to take non-ambiguous decisions which would enable lower level
commissioners to better administer the election procedures.
CEC made an effort to make a notable improvement to the voters list for
these elections. Even though the deadlines were tight, the procedures followed
by the CEC showed that there were qualitative improvements in the voters
list. Even in cases when mistakes were noted, the CEC has intervened and made
the fact that these were by-elections, the CEC has paid much attention to the
process of civic education. All possible means were used to invite people in
the polls, as well as to raise their awareness over the voting procedures.
Both local-based and nation-wide media outlets were used to convey the message
of participating in the process of verificating the preliminary voters list
up to the announcement of the polling stations addresses.
these by-elections, improvements were also noted with the electoral logistics.
In all cases by using every objective possibility, the CEC has established
continuous communication with the local and zonal election commissions.
of ballot boxes remains still a problem.
fact of keeping the ballot-boxes closed following the request of the
Democratic Party for availing them to the bi-partisan commission for quite a
long period of time hampers to a large extent of the CECs preparations for
this element of the election logistics.
CEC has not yet received an answer from this commission, or by the political
parties regarding their use. Currently, all the ballot-boxes of 24 June 2001
elections are maintained closed and preserved.
re-cycling or replacement with another model requires a time-limit of 5-6
months, or at the first instance, it would cost worth Lek3,5m and at a second
instance around USD600,000.
to the possibilities, the CEC requests a quick solution to the matter. In case
these ballot-boxes will not be subject of verification by the relevant
structures, the CEC can and shall initiate with the preparations for their
opening, filing the election documentation and their preparation for the next
elections if they will have to be used. It is up to the political parties in
co-operation with the Government (to assess the financial possibilities) to
come up with a solution in using these election materials.
is worth stressing that with the preparation of the last by-elections, the CEC
enjoyed close co-operation with the representatives of the political parties
at the CEC. Their remarks and suggestions, even though of a certain difficulty
in some cases, were often part of the decisions and elements of the election
CEC remains a transparent institution, where the participation of the
political parties in any discussion, the continuous presence of media
representatives in its meeting and other activities of this institution
remains an important principle. The political parties have been continuously
provided with the documentation and every CECs decision. Furthermore, as
opposed to previous cases, different informative and explanatory materials
have also been dispatched. The purpose was for the political parties to feel
confident with the process and additionally to give as much contribution as
regardless of the progress, even these elections did not manage to stay away
from political debate and contest for certain reasons. We are aware that the
arguments on why does such a thing occur are different for different
situations. In addition, the political parties have their own arguments over
CEC has continuously tried to pay attention at, and to be responsible to the
parties views. This does not come as a sign of good-will but as a legal
outcome of the elections in Zone no. 19 and No. 52 was contested. Even though,
in all cases, the election documentation in the formal viewpoint of presenting
the facts bared no remarks from the election commissioners or the
representatives of the political parties in these commissions, this was not
sufficient to assess the elections in these zones as normal.
the nature of contests for both Zones No. 19 and No. 52, the CEC, with its
responsibility to verify these contests, assessed that it was out of its legal
framework to do that, or it was impossible to be provided with and verify the
proofs that would allegedly certify the allegations. What I have just stated
refers to the CECs official decision and stance.
the discussion on the matter, the CEC showed a diversity of stances and
viewpoints, and in the end it deemed as a fair stance what was stated in the
decision-making over the matter came following the discussions and different
views within the CEC by including also the views of the representatives of
political parties in these discussions.
CEC believes that all parties recognize the fact at an election authority
cannot, and shall not be considered part of the electoral game, but as an
independent institution in its decision-making, and this shall also be the
purpose of the political representatives in their activity.
elections showed that there are still many problems left, which contribute to
an elections good administration.
related to election funding remain still a problem.
governments have in fact fully satisfied at any rate the CECs requests on
election funding. The CEC has also improved the process of financial
management by providing more complete and accurate evidence according to the
legal acts and provisions on expenditures. But these funds were almost always
allocated no sooner than 5-6 days prior to the Election Day. The CEC finds it
difficult to proceed with the allocation of these funds. Firstly, there is no
sufficient time-limit, and secondly, the procedures of implementing the
expenditures are inappropriate. Therefore, at a time-limit no later than 5-6
days, the CEC is obliged to organize procurement procedures. In order to avoid
that, we have always asked from the Government to take the relevant decisions.
issue of election funding and general budget issues for the CEC require to
be legally amended and approved. Financial and budgeting independence
depends practically on any governments will. The issue is not that there is
lack of budget, but this is more linked to the possibility of the CEC to
operate accordingly with its needs in progress. The preparatory election
process, as we have previously underlined, is not merely a process to be
prepared for a period of 2-3 months prior to the elections. In this view, even
by-election require due time.
are elements of the preparatory election process that shall be fulfilled quite
ahead of time. Especially, the issues related to logistics, training of
commissioners, civic education, voters list, etc., which require quite some
time to be fulfilled. Different international counterpart institutions, in
both cases when they are independent or part of another institution, are being
periodically allocated funding.
election funding shall enable, in the financial viewpoint, the conduct of
elections and it should be a continuous process.
elections proved also that many of the issues related to election campaign
funding remain debatable. The principal issue of the debate is linked to the
fact then whether the current legal means (including the CECs authority)
are sufficient for ensuring the legitimacy and transparency of this aspect.
the issue of funding the electoral subjects participating in by-elections
another problem observed in the previous elections dealt with the premises of
election commissions. In the majority of cases, these facilities were
inappropriate. The local government bodies have not always showed serious
commitment on the matter. There were cases when the facilities parameters
did not even comply with the minimum standards.
is often noted a tendency of the commissioners to choose the location of
polling stations in premises which are linked in one way or the other to
political, voting strategy or economic interests in the case of polling
stations established in private residences.
Civil Registry Offices find it hard to recognize that issues related to the
correction and improvement of mistakes in the voters list are a legal duty
of theirs. In some cases, many of them attempt to cause problems in providing
the voters with identification papers. This leads to the CEC being put, in
some cases, under pressure to allow voters to cast their ballot on the basis
of recognition rather than identification papers.
issue observed in these elections, which I will address briefly, deals with
the submission of the documentation by the political parties when they are
registered at the CEC. With few exceptions, it appears that almost all parties
have problems with their documentation. Parties have done changes to their
statute or they have changed their leading bodies, but all the above have not
been incorporated in the registration decisions of the political parties at
the District Court of Tirana.
activity of the CEC aimed at getting acquainted with the election practices in
other countries, especially those with a developed democratic standard, as
well as the knowledge gained from these experiences.
Furthermore, the CECs international relations, especially with their
representatives in the country have aimed at reflecting transparency and
recognition on how the CEC faces the required progress and fulfills primarily
the ODIHRs recommendations.
Furthermore, the CECs international relations, especially with their
representatives in the country have aimed at reflecting transparency and
recognition on how the CEC faces the required progress and fulfills primarily
the ODIHRs recommendations.
the beginning of the year 2002, the CEC has signed a memorandum of
understating (Sic. agreement of co-operation)
with the International Foundation for Election Systems IFES. This
agreement, which will be concluded as of April 2004, includes fields of co-operation
and support between IFES and the CEC. Hence, this agreement envisages:
the year 2002, the CEC has observed several election processes and has
organized several study trips in different countries by gaining first-hand
experience with their electoral practices.
four study trips have been organized by the CEC itself, two missions were
accomplished with the support of the International Francophone Agency, three
missions with the support of IFES, and another international seminar organized
in Ioannina and three missions sponsored by ODIHR.
with the invitation of the sponsors, the CEC has participated at IACREOTs
annual conference; at the Conference of Eastern and South-eastern Europe
Election Officers; at the annual conference of Bosnia-Herzegovina Association
of Election Commissioners.
CEC has already co-operation relationships with some counterpart structures,
with which it exchanges relevant practices and experiences.
Members of Parliament,
CEC has already approved the work program and the main directions of its
activities serving the preparations to the run-up of local government
these directions will take shape and form over the course of the year through
different projects. We believe we will achieve all elements related to the
organization of the next local government elections through these projects.
The preparations for this election have already started intensively.
the CEC has initiated the process of establishing a database system regarding
the location of all the commissioners facilities, their comfort and
conditions, telephone line connections, situation of roads and communication.
The CEC has also asked local government bodies to provide information
regarding the current situation of all public facilities in their relevant
communes and municipalities.
voters list; training of commissioners; civic education; improvement of
logistics, maintenance of documentation and CECs decisions; improvement of
tabulation procedures; improvement of complaint examination procedures; are
some of the directions upon which the CEC will proceed with special projects.
CEC, its members and staff, are more and more recognizing the fact that this
institution shall uphold a high professional level and it shall prove that it
remains above political interests in its activity and decision-making process.
institution of the CEC is fully aware of the fact that if it becomes an
advocate and interpreter of a certain political grouping, it will then damage
the fundamental principles of the rule of law and on which democratic
principles and standards are based.
CEC recognizes its obligation and responsibility to work closely with the
political parties and other institutional factors.
it is of great importance to understand that the talk about co-operation
requires open and practical co-operation by all sides. The more intensive and
open the co-operation between political parties and all sides with the CEC,
the more it helps increasing the institutions professional level and
integrity, and it curbs the tendency to push or drag the CEC towards a certain
recognize the importance of this election in the current situation, and
therefore we are committed for conducting an election process within
widely-accepted European standards.
behalf of the Central Election Commission